In preparation for the design proposal, we investigated and considered generic project constraints as well as constraints specific to our project. We found that common project management constraints revolve around three key principles: scope, time and cost.

Project Management Three Key Principles:

The scope involves the specific goals, deliverables and tasks that define the boundaries of the project. Our project, The Faces of Amnesty, aims to deliver a cereal box prototype version of the demonstration as well as a projection of content. This goal is manageable, however a constraint that may affect us is our unfamiliarity with the technology.

After consulting with Keir, we are reassured that projection mapping is not too complex. The selfie mosaics (selfie + positive statement statistic) would be quite difficult to implement authentically i.e. using actual faces of the 55,000 prisoners of conscience. To combat this, we may have to use random faces from a ‘face mosaic builder’ website.

The schedule specifies the timeline according to which those components will be delivered, including the final deadline for completion. We designed a schedule at the beginning of the project and, thus far, have responded to it accurately. Since we now have only 4 weeks to go, we must consider

Cost, sometimes stated as resources, involves the financial limitation of resources input to the project and also the overall limit for the total amount that can be spent.

Project constraints are also considered to be somewhat mutually exclusive. In the project management triangle, it is assumed that making a change to one constraint will affect one or both of the others. For example, increasing the scope of the project is likely to require more time and money.

The pick-two principle, which maintains that for any given set of three desired qualities or expectations, such as “good, fast and cheap”, it is likely that only two can coexist: a given product might be delivered quickly and inexpensively, for example, but the quality will suffer.

In light of the above, we have calculated our constraints to be:

  • Protecting the identity of those participating – the project involves only those who are willing and give consent.
  • We may not obtain permission from the council, Bearpit improvement group and Amnesty in order to utilise the public space and Amnesty’s brand.
  • Support required from Amnesty volunteers to provide information about the organisation and how to become a part of the project.
  • Technology is accessible at a low cost and content administration is manageable, however, we are not familiar with the equipment.
  • People may not stop for the demonstration, however, observational research suggests people are more likely to engage with political media in The Bearpit.
  • The weather could be detrimental to the project due to electrical technology and reduced members of the public willing to stop.
  • Cost of hiring four projectors (incurred once) and obtaining permission to borrow Amnesty iPads in attendance of a volunteer.

References: (2017). Project Management Triangle. [online] Available at: [Accessed 13 Mar. 2017].